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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  April 16, 2019 12:30pm-1:01pm CEST

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in the renaissance. architects. scientists. artists. teachers of the darkest leaders in. the renaissance factor scores of people twenty seconds on t.w. . steve barrett is a british fish and his boat is small by industry standards under ten metres long barrett knows what he does not want in his life the european union. if we walk away we can take back control of our territorial borders if we don't walk away because we do a deal the e.u.
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won't let us take back the from. from our industry which they have to look like. the brits flint is one of germany's last deep sea fisherman. his ship is fairly large forty metres long. flynn says that he no longer understands the british. he couldn't become us and only god is that they can't take away our fish and destiny for if we don't get a sensible and organized they won't be good for us fisherman for all the thoughts of. the year there are where you were playing your. right to sing the fetus is a saint grew up on the north sea coast his grandfather was a fisherman and always had this talismanic on his boat. you for the
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for the i like to be out on the water i just can't resist the thought that when i was younger i had another career in mind devices but that didn't work out for the sea kept calling me back out here you're your own boss and it's up to you to find the fish i think it has something to do with the thrill of the chase if you but was he saw. flint knows this business inside out. this monitor shows him where the fish are clinton his crew sail the north sea between norway and scotland the fish move around the region depending on the season they don't pay any attention to international borders. but the question is will the north sea remain open to fishing that's by no means certain. flynn decides when and where the crew will put out the nets if he finds a good spot they can take in as many as two tons of fish in just twenty minutes.
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but even while flint is on the job he often worries about the consequences that breaks it could have not only for him but also for british fishermen. if i said he did you know any bits of the would be billy. i don't know how they're going to manage their economy so that they can sell fish but of course they can keep it for themselves. i have no idea what's going to happen if they leave the e.u. because the. us if they make a mess of the bricks that process it's going to cause a lot of problems with goods on the our market i think. this is the town of ramsgate on britain's south east coast. many of the local residents support breck's that. steve barrett is headed for his. small fishing
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boat the razor bill. he shares fritz clint's passion for the sea and fishing but that's about all they have in common. barrett works by himself he has no crew some days he has a good catch and others he doesn't bear and blames the e.u. for this situation. nearly three years ago he and some other fishermen sailed up the thames river to show their support for bracks it. went ashore if if you. were to fabricate. we went fishing we call faith we landed it. it's gradually got worse and more of as the years have gone on in the case the culture fish them as if left more more restrictions. are great. for what we think. the paperwork of the legislation. or what to say to
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be a fisherman. all got paperwork will go off really but i've flown home court a fish. a fruit offer with a co-writer in. the war. barrett doesn't come from a fishing family when he was younger he worked as a bank clerk but once when he was on a sailing trip the sea captured his imagination and he's been out here ever since it's been his life for the last forty years and he makes a living by fishing barely. today there aren't many fish in his nets. that's also bad news for the seagulls who are following him most british fisherman are like barratt they have small boats and stay close to the coast. and like his colleagues barrett believes that the e.u.'s fishing policies are ridiculous i forgot to say. let's say you have got no closure for call. i got to say
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i'm a catch forged on the shoulder. of some tecate on some b.i.g. feed ourselves and a hundred fifty kids i would call it or i have to put the clock back to have my quota. or so i started say because i took a lot of help is not enough. so i cut my left eye to kate i was a soldier in the one hundred fifty k. you out of college i'm a buffer called the good looking men company and because of all coal one hundred fifty three level stuff which is enough to cycle by. as steve barrett returns to ramsgate with empty nets fritz plant is sailing along the coast of norway. his trawler belongs to the german company could have fish it's the last german owned deep sea fishing fleet.
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today the crew have been pulling their nets through the north sea for about three hours at a depth of one hundred and twenty meters and now it's time to find out the size of his haul. with. today's catch is made up mostly of cod and monkfish. actually flint was hoping to find some pollock but they're obviously somewhere else today. because it's got a solution as he goes this is all crap. i found a site on the screen and it looked promising as it was the fish like to gather an old drilling boreholes but there's absolutely nothing there right now just a few miles on and we thought we might have a good day. this is just bad luck. just look at it for lessons. today's catch was
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a disappointment. the crew doesn't seem to mind though. they'll try again tomorrow. the somewhat of a phone we'll just have to go farther out into you waters maybe toward scotland will try to find a good spot. to. britain's territorial waters are just one hundred sixty nautical miles away and flint knows that once they arrive there they'll have a good catch. but steve barrett can't cover that kind of distance in his small boat which he stays within the twelve mile zone around ramsgate. bird says that he's getting a lot of tough competition from foreign fishing trawlers and he doesn't think that's fair at all. but i think they have
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a very very unfair advantage where they come from quote through an area like a fish into a bigger part of. the argument about you can fish out war for the weather the way for sure doesn't apply to me because too far one insure the whole river and guy is i mean sure flaked. when it comes to brecht's it barrett says the harder the better fishermen in denmark spain france and germany have been worried about how hard grex it would affect them particularly if britain closed its territorial waters to them . if clint can't fish off scotland anymore he'll be in trouble. because time is going to be a by next year we could be spending eighty percent of our time over there a witness of who is with us but if they shut it down it will be a raw deal for us. this is the german. north sea port of play
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mahasen a city that has experienced firsthand the decline of the country's fishing industry since the one nine hundred seventy s. . here at the institute a government research facility economist dealing has spent the past two years studying how breck's it might affect germany's fishing fleet. was coming from extreme fires or there in the us in the worst case scenario britain would shut us out and we'd have to find our quarters of fish elsewhere overeager or don't use your stock room but british waters are where the fish are. would own with their for her own cause other locations just don't have the quantity and even if they did it would be a lot more expensive to fish there that could lead to a situation where german ships could lose one hundred percent of the catch for a particular species. and i wish them fish are pretty up with. so breck's it could
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have devastating consequences for european fleets that fish off the british coast. duelling explains why the north sea fishing grounds are so important. with. me it's one of our most productive maritime areas of. the north sea it's rich in fish resources warm because the rivers that feed into it provide a lot of nutrients and interest almost one hundred percent of some commercial species are caught here. like herring for example a popular food in germany herring prefer to stay in british waters in late summer and autumn they tend to gather around northern scotland and the shutdown islands but this area is inside the two hundred miles down at the u.k. wants to keep for itself after breakfast at. this is the town of sustenance on the german baltic island of. factories here
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processed fifty thousand tons of herring every year and eighty percent of the catch comes from the north sea. people who work at those factories are keeping a close eye on fishing industry negotiations between britain and the e.u. . for those who say. the real problem now is that we might not have a decision on fishing access for twenty nineteen so we won't be able to catch herring in the british zone and. it's herring fishing season right now in the baltic the ships deliver their catch for processing but it's not enough to meet consumer demand if the british zone in the north sea is close to foreign ships the processing plants in south let's and the crews that supply them will be hard hit.
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they're trying to figure out what they'll do if that happens. the herring however will stay in british waters. then. you will just have to fish in the e.u. zone in the north sea along with our partners who supply us with herring you could be from. dozens but the fact of the matter is that you can find dense concentrations of herring only near the british coast where the. supplies of fresh fish from the north sea arrived at the processing plants every day usually by truck via denmark. two hundred fifty jobs at this facility depend on a regular supply of herring. the fish are gutted to lade and pickled and then shipped to supermarkets. at this point everything here is going smoothly but the
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threat of a bracks a boycott has made the workers here nervous. so if. things are sort of uncertain right now. and some people are really worried. i've lived and worked on it we're going for fourteen years. i've got a house here. but i don't know what's going to happen within the next few months. inspire morning. and it's not just the workers at the processing plants who are worried people throughout the town of sustenance are concerned as well. the fish factories are a key element of the local economy and if the supply of herring runs low because of bracks at the downturn could affect the entire community. european fishing policies are hammered out here in brussels. we asked to talk to
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someone at the european commission about the bracks it situation but they declined our request for an interview. they said it's a touchy subject right now. experts are working on a wide variety of options and. the staff have been compiling reports and passing them around to members. since the commission wouldn't talk to us we decided to interview some european members of parliament and. then a cool one is the deputy chairman of parliament's committee on fisheries policy. some british any peas are here today and they include some breakfast supporters. of want to live apart there are colleagues from the british labor party conservatives and you can. sometimes one group blames the others for the braggs at
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grass. the fisheries committee and the e.u. commission have been debating emergency response measures to bracks that. the discussions show clearly that the situation in the north sea fishery is enormously complex. after. it was a lie for example the european fisheries and marine fund would have to be restructured and we'd consider financial support for the possible decommissioning of fishing vessels. but of course we'd want to negotiate a new trade deal with britain as quickly as possible. there are spanish and dutch crewmembers on board british fishing vessels highly skilled crew. and they're an important part of the team. some people get really emotional about that situation. and it's getting a lot of attention to a lot of us the whole fifty years where. we're now in the scottish town of
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peterhead a thriving port on the north sea coast one third of all the fish imported by the u.k. moves through peterhead. if the fishing industry is booming anywhere in britain it's here. we met several foreign workers here and even came across a german citizen and they all earn their living by catching processing or transporting fish. or even. close test deliver supplies the fish every day from the port of peterhead to aberdeen about forty kilometers south he says that just the threat of bracks it has disrupted the local economy. by them exercise also and the prices in the shops keep going up and if britain lead to the e.u. i will be ruined if you call that floor and if you earn just enough to pay my bills you know i can't put any money aside but i still earn the same. but things keep
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getting more expensive to get an awful awful awful. seventy six i'm sure. the local fish industry may be booming but the workers are definitely not any better off one reason for that is the weak british pound which makes imports more expensive at the same time a weak pound makes u.k. fish exports less expensive so demand from e.u. countries is up. seventy five percent of those exports go to the european union. peterhead fish depot is one of the largest in europe the entire facility was recently expanded with some financial support from the e.u. more than eight thousand crates of locally caught fish arrive here every day. the fishermen and the processors want to keep this valuable resource for themselves.
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we continually have said that is a huge drop of to an opportunity for the for the u.k. to be called. a sovereign state again and be in control of its water it was not about. european counterparts to fish this is about rebuilding control who and when they fish and you get what we have in my own nation with a very fish which fishing grounds and therefore is an old best interests as a united kingdom that we monitor and control that store. so if britain leaves the e.u. it will be able to keep more of its fish because the europeans will be locked out of its waters a lot of people in peterhead say that's a good idea we don't have enough. in the course because others are so little. in this because it's exhausted over
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a few months and you have to go and buy your fish red fish. boyfriends from other e.u. countries deficient on what i think is you i think we should get out i bought the get go now that we should be able to not think we should do it from a different way with it. that's for you for your force for people to be aired because you wish to do it i believe john fogerty all of us to or want. to dump on the site for sure going to see why there should be an aspect of what. these figures show how the total catch is divided one third is caught by british fisherman. vessels take about half of it these quotas are outlined in the european union's common fisheries policy. but if you look at the economic value of the fish that are caught britain takes in almost half of the proceeds european fishermen get only about forty percent want to cut it out while the kurds
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are getting a day a fish fish. fish are profitable for the u.k. and especially for scotland still the fishing industry accounts for less than one percent of britain's gross domestic product. but they also know how to make their voice heard in government that's why london has sent a top rex it official to peterhead for talks of seafood consumption is your start ripping ok so when you are here when it becomes apparent to me button is the founder and owner of the amity fish company. before he moved into management back and spent decades at sea as a fisherman he says the industry wants more investment security and jobs. he also wants the government to encourage people to eat more british fish and to promote fish exports to asia. right
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now. the port of peterhead and the fish factories provide around ten thousand jobs . it takes a lot of people to process all that fish. competing companies in iceland or norway now use machines to do much of this work. in any case but in the hopes that the industry will be able to grow even further after breakfast. i forget it's not a huge opportunity for us to grow this type of business because of that stuff has more material available then that was more opportunity for our business like they're stupid and therefore the smaller ones to come up to this level so that is a huge opportunity both for people on for business on the back of products that. jimmy behind has been speaking out in favor of rex and for the past two years he
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believes that if britain leaves the e.u. the u.k. fishing industry will still be able to export a lot of its catch to europe. as we've said seventy percent goes to e.u. countries right now and the one hopes that will continue. in the market is the people in the market there's we've got a product you've got a buyer and if if if the product is at the right price and the right quality is the market no politics. and of planes in between and votes with coles the flexion. but then we've got the product we've got people who want to eat quality seafood so we should stop the politics out of it and we will get on absolutely fantastic i think. that sounds good but the use common fisheries policy is not based on pragmatic capitalism and that was a deliberate decision. if britain were to ban european fishing boats from its
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territorial waters the e.u. would likely find a way to retaliate. the seventy five seventy five eighty eighty five people out of. certain fishing areas are closed to the european fleet but on the e.u. could impose an embargo on fish and fish products from britain. in the all powerful known for and doesn't come from that sounds like something that president trump would do. if you know until but we're talking here about exports that are worth a total of one point three billion euros to give food for. that's pretty tough talk but international trade is a tough business it's all about supply and demand but britain's fishing industry does not supply the kind of fish that british consumers demand. eighty
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percent of the fish that britons prefer to eat is concentrated in just five species . those fish are not found inside the british zone so they have to be imported. there are more than ten thousand fish and chip shops in the u.k. . cod used to be the fish of choice at these shops but now stocks of cod in british waters have fallen off sharply so they use substitutes. for paper now like the ground before fish and chips i thought i was there in march that old record revived water white way a fishing trip i don't know caught on a clear it's not local we're not london luckily. steve barrett makes a point of eating his fish and chips at a restaurant that makes them with cod. chef mark way is frying
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some fish right now but it probably came from norway not britain. so u.k. fishermen catch a lot of species that people in their own country don't eat and that won't change after breakfast at. breakfast supporters in the fishing industry have suffered some setbacks in recent months. and it won't be easy to close british waters to european ships. but jimmy buffet is standing his ground. we do not share of the oil and gas. parts so why should we share the first two and for those diesel here on news it's not that simple or even if britain is no longer governed by e.u. fisheries policy for international treaties will still apply across like the un convention on the law of the sea that law obliges coastal states to regulate fish stocks that are managed jointly or that are found in more than one zone so britain
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and the e.u. would have to hammer out a new agreement on how to share the catch to funk because. the more you talk to steve barrett the more you realize that his hopes for a better future are fading and his doubts about the british government's ability to protect his interests are growing. we just feel that we could let down and. the only real thing that's come out of it is. what i would think if i lived three hundred fifty i would never ever trust a politician again. barrack is disappointed even angry. but his german colleagues for it split hopes that things will turn out all right. he wants to be able to fish anywhere in the north sea subject to international
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quota agreements of course flint loves his job and he'd like to keep his crew employed. but deep down he wishes that things could just go back to the way they were. dealt with with the fact that i think the best thing would be for britain to just forget about leaving the e.u. for the my crew and i are happy with the way things are now therefore i would be for us there are no negatives. i think they should just work out and i. remember this is not the idea was our last us. at this point it's still not clear how the breaks a drama will play out but one thing is certain rex it will not solve the problems of the north sea fishing industry.
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after. kick off. can china could still avoid relegation to draw in nuremberg has fans fearing the worst . can't last still qualify for the champions league to win and no means to keep andre. the fight for the title continue chant for the action. kick off thirty minutes upon d.w. . nico is in germany to learn german english binnacle. why not learn with him d w z learning course because vic.
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this is d.w. news live from berlin the flames are out and now be inquest speak in paris firefighters extinguished the blaze that consumed notre dame cathedral for fifteen hours now they are investigating how the fire erupted and then go to one of the world's most famous landmarks. also coming up a long road back after psycho's. struggles with a mammoth cleanup operation after last month's devastating storm the goal now.

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